Postoperative Instructions Following A Biopsy


The best treatment for your surgical site following a biopsy is to avoid putting any pressure on the surgical site. Please avoid this area while eating. It is unusual for you to have excessive bleeding following a biopsy. Slight oozing can be minimized by using ice packs and keeping your head elevated for the first 2-3 days. 

DO NOT SPIT, DRINK WITH A STRAW, SMOKE, DRINK ALCOHOL, OR EXERCISE FOR ONE WEEK, since they promote bleeding and can lengthen recovery time. 

Swelling after surgery is a normal body reaction and will continue to increase for the first three days post-surgery. Applying an ice pack (30 min on, 30 min off) on the outside of your face over the surgical area and keeping your head elevated for the first 2-3 days helps limit swelling, bleeding, and discomfort. The ice pack should only be used for the first 24 hours after surgery. After 24 hours, apply warm moist heat using the provided hot / cold pack heated in the microwave for ten seconds and wrapped in a moist washcloth, as needed, and continue to sleep with your head elevated until swelling resolves. 

Start with a soft diet for the first day. Cold, soft foods such as ice cream, pudding, Jello or yogurt may be the most soothing and helpful. Advance your diet as tolerated. Rest is recommended the first day.  


Some discomfort is normal after oral surgery. It can be controlled, but not eliminated by taking pain medications as prescribed. If you take over the counter Tylenol it may be helpful but do not take more then 3200 mg in a 24-hour period (including the Tylenol contained in your pain medication).

It is important to take ALL antibiotics as directed.


Do not rinse your mouth after surgery. Begin GENTLY cleaning the surgery site 2-3 times daily with Chlorhexidine rinse on a Q-tip for two weeks. Brush teeth gently and regularly, avoiding the surgical site.